The history of this area is very ancient. It was called by the Greeks " Promontorium Minervae" because of the presence of a temple dedicated to the goddess Minerva; what more the presence of Apollo's temple in the surroundings of the Cropolla fiord that gives it its name is certain, but yet to be traced is the celebrated temple dedicated to the cult of the mermaids as it was described by the historians Plinio, Strabone and Aristotele.
The name Nerano most likely is due to Tiberio Nerone the roman emperor, who chose Capri as his favourite summer resort. From the blue island the emperor sailed with his ships to the coast and struck by the beauty of Marina del Cantone decided to build another Villa in addition to his twelve ones in Capri. From the emperor's name derived " neronianum" and therefore today's name Nerano. The curious thing is that two thousand years passed from then but still today the VIP spending their holidays in Capri, still sail from there in their luxurious yachts to the coast to take a dip in the crystal blue green waters of Nerano or to enjoy the renowned food of the local restaurants.
During centuries, Nerano, which in origin was one of the hamlets of Massalubrense, was subjected to the controversial historical events of the Sorrento peninsula of which the most striking were cruel and devastating raids of the Saracen pirates commanded by Pialì Pascià who sacked Nerano on the 13th of June 1558. The Turkish army landed on the Marina del Cantone with 2000 men while the fleet of 120 galleys sailed to the gulf of Naples. The population frightened by the sight of the ships fled to the hills seeking refuge but found the pirates there who had already devastated Nerano. The most terrible crimes were committed and culminated by the deportation of 1500 local people to Constantinopoli.
In the last century, during the 1st and 2nd world war Nerano went trough very hard moments of poverty and hunger. During this time there was the opening of a quarry in the Jeranto Bay, that gave work to many and with the arrival of many miners from Sardinia brought with their integration a change in the customs and folklore of the village.
Nerano today is an important seaside resort and famous world – wide for the beauty of its coast, sea and underwater caves but also for the local food specialities like the famous " spaghetti with zucchine".